|geographic coordinates:||13 42 N, 89 12 W|
|time difference:||UTC - 6|
|daylight saving time:||NO|
El Salvador achieved independence from Spain in 1821 and from the Central American Federation in 1839. A 12-year civil war, which cost about 75,000 lives, was brought to a close in 1992 when the government and leftist rebels signed a treaty that provided for military and political reforms.