|geographic coordinates:||29 03 S, 167 58 E|
|time difference:||UTC + 11,5|
|daylight saving time:||NO|
Two British attempts at establishing the island as a penal colony (1788-1814 and 1825-55) were ultimately abandoned. In 1856, the island was resettled by Pitcairn Islanders, descendants of the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian companions.