|geographic coordinates:||3 52 N, 11 31 E|
|time difference:||UTC + 1|
|daylight saving time:||NO|
The former French Cameroon and part of British Cameroon merged in 1961 to form the present country. Cameroon has generally enjoyed stability, which has permitted the development of agriculture, roads, and railways, as well as a petroleum industry. Despite a slow movement toward democratic reform, political power remains firmly in the hands of President Paul BIYA.