|geographic coordinates:||78 13 N, 15 33 E|
|time difference:||UTC + 1|
|daylight saving time:||+1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October|
First discovered by the Norwegians in the 12th century, the islands served as an international whaling base during the 17th and 18th centuries. Norway's sovereignty was recognized in 1920; five years later it officially took over the territory.